Exodus Ch. 1-4
(study to be used for personal or group study with break-away small groups)
God leads the people he has chosen into slavery
Israel was protected and they grew greatly in numbers into a nation in exile
Gen. 15:12-16 NLT
12 That evening, as the sun was going down, Abram fell into a deep sleep. He saw a terrifying vision of darkness and horror.
13 Then the LORD told Abram, “You can be sure that your descendants will be strangers in a foreign land, and they will be oppressed as slaves for four hundred years
14 But I will punish the nation that enslaves them, and in the end they will come away with great wealth.
15 (But you will die in peace, at a ripe old age.)
16 After four generations your descendants will return here to this land, when the sin of the Amorites has run its course.” 17 As the sun went down and it became dark, Abram saw a smoking firepot and a flaming torch pass between the halves of the carcasses.
18 So the LORD made a covenant with Abram that day and said, “I have given this land to your descendants, all the way from the border of Egypt to the great Euphrates River–
19 the land of the Kenites, Kenizzites, Kadmonites,
20 Hittites, Perizzites, Rephaites,
21 Amorites, Canaanites, Girgashites, and Jebusites.”
7 And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them.
8 Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph.
9 And he said unto his people, Behold, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we:
10 Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, and fight against us, and so get them up out of the land.
Israel was strategically placed in Egypt for a specific reason. What was that reason?
The Jews lost their golden ticket that they had been given under Joseph. Why?
11 Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Raamses.
12 But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew. And they were grieved because of the children of Israel.
15 And the king of Egypt spake to the Hebrew midwives, of which the name of the one was Shiphrah, and the name of the other Puah:
16 And he said, When ye do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see them upon the stools; if it be a son, then ye shall kill him: but if it be a daughter, then she shall live.
17 But the midwives feared God, and did not as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the men children alive.
18 And the king of Egypt called for the midwives, and said unto them, Why have ye done this thing, and have saved the men children alive?
19 And the midwives said unto Pharaoh, Because the Hebrew women are not as the Egyptian women; for they are lively, and are delivered ere the midwives come in unto them.
20 Therefore God dealt well with the midwives: and the people multiplied, and waxed very mighty.
Those who were once powerful became slaves. God took Israel down about ten notches.
Is it better for God to bring you to the precipice of humility and then provide a firm shove or for you to look for a time and place to humble yourself?
Is one better than the other?
Usually it is God who initiates this humbling. How might you get the most mileage out of it?
Someone summarize the tale of the midwives.
What about their deception? Does God approve of it here?
NLT Exodus 2:1 During this time, a man and woman from the tribe of Levi got married.
2 The woman became pregnant and gave birth to a son. She saw what a beautiful baby he was and kept him hidden for three months.
3 But when she could no longer hide him, she got a little basket made of papyrus reeds and waterproofed it with tar and pitch. She put the baby in the basket and laid it among the reeds along the edge of the Nile River.
23 And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage.
24 And God heard their groaning, and God remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob.
When trials and hardships at their peak, God Steps in (we may not immediately know how He is working). Why does He wait for till the last minute?
11 And it came to pass in those days, when Moses was grown, that he went out unto his brethren, and looked on their burdens: and he spied an Egyptian smiting an Hebrew, one of his brethren.
12 And he looked this way and that way, and when he saw that there was no man, he slew the Egyptian, and hid him in the sand.
13 And when he went out the second day, behold, two men of the Hebrews strove together: and he said to him that did the wrong, Wherefore smitest thou thy fellow?
14 And he said, Who made thee a prince and a judge over us? intendest thou to kill me, as thou killedst the Egyptian? And Moses feared, and said, Surely this thing is known.
15 Now when Pharaoh heard this thing, he sought to slay Moses. But Moses fled from the face of Pharaoh, and dwelt in the land of Midian: and he sat down by a well.
Moses was motivated to rescue. But, not according to wisdom.
25 And God looked upon the children of Israel, and God had respect unto them.
Could God be looking at your situation now and thinking the same thing?
Exodus 3:7-10 God’s Timing / His Compassion / His Promises to Fulfill
7 And the LORD said: “I have surely seen the oppression of My people who are in Egypt, and have heard their cry because of their taskmasters, for I know their sorrows.
8 “So I have come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up from that land to a good and large land, to a land flowing with milk and honey, to the place of the Canaanites and the Hittites and the Amorites and the Perizzites and the Hivites and the Jebusites.
9 “Now therefore, behold, the cry of the children of Israel has come to Me, and I have also seen the oppression with which the Egyptians oppress them.
10 “Come now, therefore, and I will send you to Pharaoh that you may bring My people, the children of Israel, out of Egypt.”
16 ‘Go, gather the elders of Israel together and tell them, “Yahweh, the God of your ancestors, has appeared to me — the God of Abraham, of Isaac and of Jacob — and has indeed visited you and seen what is being done to you in Egypt,
17 and has said: I shall bring you out of the misery of Egypt to the country of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, the Perizzites, the Hivites and the Jebusites, to a country flowing with milk and honey.”
18 They will listen to your words, and you and the elders of Israel are to go to the king of Egypt and say to him, “Yahweh, the God of the Hebrews, has encountered us. So now please allow us to make a three-days’ journey into the desert and sacrifice to Yahweh our God.”
19 I am well aware that the king of Egypt will not let you go unless he is compelled by a mighty hand;
20 he will not let you go until I have stretched out my arm and struck Egypt with all the wonders I intend to work there.
21 ‘I shall ensure that the Egyptians are so much impressed with this people that when you go, you will not go empty-handed.
22 Every woman will ask her neighbor and the woman staying in her house for silver and golden jewellery, and clothing. In these you will dress your own sons and daughters, despoiling the Egyptians of them.’
Why deliver the message if God already knew that Pharoah would say “No?”
NLT Exodus 4:1 But Moses protested again, “Look, they won’t believe me! They won’t do what I tell them. They’ll just say, ‘The LORD never appeared to you.'”
10 Moses said to Yahweh, ‘Please, my Lord, I have never been eloquent, even since you have spoken to your servant, for I am slow and hesitant of speech.’
11 ‘Who gave a person a mouth?’ Yahweh said to him. ‘Who makes a person dumb or deaf, gives sight or makes blind? Is it not I, Yahweh?
12 Now go, I shall help you speak and instruct you what to say.’
13 ‘Please, my Lord,’ Moses replied, ‘send anyone you decide to send!’
What’s up with Moses? What are his “issues”
31 The people were convinced, and they rejoiced that Yahweh had visited the Israelites and seen their misery, and they bowed to the ground in worship.
Small Group Time
Someone read James 4:6-10
What Four things does God promise us if we obey Him?
What verbs describe what God requires us to do? How many can you find? Discuss:
Someone read 1 Peter 5:5,6